The Limited Impacts of Formal Education on Democratic Citizenship in Africa

The Limited Impacts of Formal Education on Democratic Citizenship in Africa
Robert Mattes and Dangalira Mughogho

Despite an emphasis on using social research as an important component of policy development, implementation and evaluation, there has been widespread recognition that research is seldom used in the ways in which researchers and policy-makers hope and expect. The primary purpose of this paper is to provide a foundation of ideas and perspectives for the identification of research projects that focus on the interface between the production of knowledge and its utilisation in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of policy. As such, the aim of the review is to ‘map the terrain’ of the literature that pertains to the research-policy nexus, and to provide an overview of the main issues and themes that emerge in this literature.